About the Report:
- The India Justice Report 2019 was released on November 7, 2019 by the Tata Trusts in collaboration with Centre for Social Justice, Common Cause, and Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, among others.
- The Report is based on publicly available data of different government entities on the four pillars of justice delivery — police, judiciary, prisons and legal aid.
- The indicators, across the pillars, covered the themes like infrastructure, human resources, diversity (gender, SC/ST/OBC), budgets, workload and trends over the last five years.
- Maharashtra has topped the list of 18 large-medium states and is followed by Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Haryana. In this category, Jharkhand, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are at the bottom.
- Among the small states (where population is less than one crore each), Goa has topped the list followed by Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh.
- As per the findings, the country, as a whole, has about 18,200 judges with about 23% sanctioned posts vacant.
- Women are also poorly represented in these pillars, constituting just seven per cent of the police.
- Prisons are over-occupied at 114%, where 68% are under trials awaiting investigation, inquiry or trial.
- Regarding budgets, most states are not able to fully utilise the funds given to them by the Centre, while the increase in spending on the police, prisons and judiciary does not keep pace with overall increase in state expenditure.
- India’s per capita spend on free legal aid-which 80% of the population is eligible for — for instance is 75 paise per annum.