Who is transgender?
It defines transgender persons as those whose gender does not match the gender assigned to that person at birth. This includes trans-men or trans-women, persons with intersex variations, gender-queers, and persons having socio-cultural identities such as kinnar, hijra, jogappas, etc.
- Right to Self-Identification: It states that a person would have the right to choose to be identified as a man, woman or transgender, irrespective of sex reassignment surgery and hormonal therapy. However, it requires transgender persons to go through a district magistrate and district screening committee to get certified as a transperson.
- Prohibition against discrimination: It prohibits discrimination of transpersons in education, healthcare, employment, public facilities etc.
- National Council for Transgender persons (NCT): The bill proposes establishing a NCT. It would advise the central government on related policies and legislation and also act as a centre for grievance redressal
Responsibility of the government
- Provide health facilities to transgender persons including separate HIV surveillance centres
- Provide, through an insurance scheme, medical expenses for sex reassignment surgery, hormonal therapy, laser therapy or any such health related expenses
- Take steps for rescue and rehabilitation, vocational training and self-employment
- Create transgender sensitive schemes, and promote their inclusion in cultural activities