- Chak-Hao, black rice of Manipur and the Gorakhpur terracotta, Kovilpatti kadalai mittai of Kovilpatti have bagged Geogrphical Indication (GI) tag.
- Chak-Hao (black rice):- It is a scented glutinous rice which has been in cultivation in Manipur over centuries. It also has a special aroma and was used as a traditional medicine.
- Gorakhpur Terracotta is a centuries-old traditional art form, where the potters make various animal figures like, horses, elephants etc. with hand-applied ornamentation.
- Kovilpatti kadalai mittai:-It is a pea nut candy manufactured in Thoothukudi district,Tamil Nadu.
- It has a long shelf life and has a huge export potential
- Water used in making is exclusively from river Thamirabarani.
Geographical indication (GI):-
- Geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
- In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place.
- In addition, the qualities, characteristics or reputation of the product should be essentially due to the place of origin.
- GIs are typically used for agricultural products, natural products, and industrial products.
- Registration of a GI gives its owner and the authorised users the exclusive right to use the indications on the good in which it is registered.
Duration:-GI is registered for an initial period of ten years, which may be renewed from time to time.
GI Tag regulation at international level:-
- WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement regulates GI Tag.
- Intellectual property rights under Paris convention for protection of industrial property.
GI tag regulation in India:-
- Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (come into force in 2003) administers GI tag in India.
- Darjeeling tea became the first GI tagged product in India.