The sal forest tortoise has been recently assessed as critically endangered.
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- The sal forest tortoise is heavily hunted for food and collected both for local use, such as decorative masks, and international wildlife trade.
- The sal forest tortoise is widely distributed over eastern and northern India and Southeast Asia. However, it is not common in any of this terrain.
- A recent study by ecologists in the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, finds that the area designated as a protected area network has only a small overlap with the actual habitat it roams around in.
- over 90% of the potential distribution of the species falls outside current protected area’s network.
- According to the IUCN the population of the species may have fallen by about 80% in the last three generations (90 years).
- There is little information on the population sizes of the sal forest tortoise, or any such species, mainly because they are so rare, live in remote areas